Types of Footwear & Basic styles

Types of Footwear & Basic styles

Types of Footwear

Footwear is classified according to uses. Invariably the styling and design of footwear vary according to users too like for gents, ladies, and children. Climatic requirements in different seasons of the year, price, comfort, locally available materials all these affect the styles and designs. Broadly we may classify footwear as follows.

  1. Casual wear
  2. Dress wear
  3. Sports footwear
  4. Children’s wear
  5. Industrial wear


Styling : Style is the characteristic mode of presentation that typifies several similar objects of the same class. A product has one or more specific characteristics that distinguish it for other products of the same category eg.,

Chappal: Kolhapuri, mongo pattern, Athni, Nippani, Bimal, Malavalli, Bijapur, chamba styles

Sandals: Punjabi, quovadis.

In the same style there can be many variations. These individual interpretation or versions of a style are called designs. Styles are forms that have a tendency to uniformity whereas fashions have tendency to change. Style of footwear is temporarily adopted by social group because that chosen style is perceived to be socially appropriate for that time and situation. Among the numerous styles, only a small number will be accepted by fashion conscious consumers at any given time.

All footwear fashions based on seven basic styles. The other styles are simply derived versions of these original seven. For example, sling-backs are only open back pumps or mules without back straps. A ghillie is just a unique treatment of oxford style. The loafer is an offshoot of the moccasin and most athletic shoes are oxfords with leather or non-leather materials.


Seven basic shoe styles


1.Derby: Most commonly used formal and casual shoe of unisex. shoe characterized by quarters with shoelace eyelets that are sewn on top of the vamp. This construction method, also known as “open lacing”. In American English the derby shoe may be referred to as a blucher, although technically the blucher is a variation of Derby.  The derby became a popular sporting and hunting boot in the 1850s. In North American English is it also called gibson)


2 . Oxford: An Oxford shoe is characterized by shoelace eyelets  that are attached under the vamp, a feature termed Closed lacing. This contrasts with Derbys, which has shoelace eyelets attached to the top of the vamp. Originally, Oxfords were plain, formal shoes, made of leather but they evolved into a range of styles suitable for both formal, uniform, and casual wear.

The newest of the shoe styles Oxford is over 300 years old. The name is derived from oxford, England.When the laced shoe was introduced there in 1640. It gained popularity among the university students. This is a formal shoe of unisex


3.Boot:  Boot is a type of footwear  where the top of shoe crosses ankle. Originally a two-piece unit shoe below, legging above- “boot”  made its mark when these two pieces were joined together. When the Normans crossed the channel to England in 1066, the English adopted this style and called “Boot”. Different types of boots are Ankle boots, High boot, Knee boot & thigh boots.


4. Court: A court shoe (British English) is a UK classic shoe with a low-cut front, the vamp, and without a fastening. They are usually worn by women, but are still traditional menswear in some formal situations, where the style is sometimes called an opera slipper or patent pump.

Pump shoe (American English), generally a low heel, thin soled slip-on shoe was wor

n by the carriage footmen, who pumped the carriage pedals. When adopted as a fashion by the gentry, they retained the name “pumps”. Pump, this style is used in Americans have Sexy high-heel, usually pointed.



5.Slip-on: Slip-ons are typically low, lace-less shoes. Also called loafer & Pantafola. Shoe upper made in two parts, the top sewn onto the sides as a design detail. As the name says ‘Slip-on’ , the foot can be slipped in easily.



6. Sandal: Most universal of all shoe styles “sandal” had its beginning from a slab of leather sole held on to foot with raw hide thongs. This we called as Shoe with open toe and (usually) straps around the ankle / across the foot.


7. Moccasin: The oldest known shoe construction, dated back around 14,000 years earlier. “Moccasins” (meaning

foot covering) is American Indian origin. Bottom will covered with upper leather at the forepart. This is the most comfortable shoe to wear. This is expensive because more leather is consumed.



Resources : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_shoe_styles

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